De Facto Reading Corner

Research papers and articles on misinformation and disinformation – from cognitive science, psychology and linguistics to the public and social aspects of the phenomenon


The Global Disinformation Order: 2019 Global Inventory of Organised Social Media Manipulation

Samantha Bradshaw and Philip N. Howard, The Computational Propaganda Project at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, September 2019

Automated tackling of disinformation: Major challenges ahead

Alexandre Alaphilippe, Alexis Gizikis and Clara Hanot of EU DisinfoLab, and Kalina Bontcheva of The University of Sheffield, at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA). Financed under the European Science and Media Hub budget,  European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS). March 2019.

Fake images: The effects of source, intermediary, and digital media literacy on contextual assessment of image credibility online

Cuihua Shen, Mona Kasra, Wenjing Pan, Grace A Bassett, Yining Malloch, James F O’Brien, New Media & Society, 2019

False Information on Web and Social Media: A Survey

Srijan Kumar, Stanford University, and Neil Shah, Carnegie Mellon University, 2018. April 2018

INFORMATION DISORDER: Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making

Claire Wardle, PhD, Hossein Derakhshan. Council of Europe report DGI(2017)09, September 27, 2017

Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes?

Nightingale et al. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2017

Information Disorder: The Essential Glossary

Claire Wardle, PhD, Shorenstein center on Media, Politics and Public Policy, July 2018

Disinformation, 'fake news' and influence campaigns on Twitter

Matthew Hindman, George Washington University, Knight Foundation, October 2018

Contrasting the Spread of Misinformation in Online Social Networks

Marco Amoruso, Danielle Anelo, Vincenzo Auletta, Diodato Ferraioli, University of Salerno, Italy, 2017

Disinformation on the Web: Impact, Characteristics, and Detection of Wikipedia Hoaxes

Srijan Kumar, Robert West, Jure Leskovec, University of Maryland, Stanford University, 2016

Media use in the European Union

Standart Eurobarometer 86, 2016

Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning

Stanford History Education Group, November 22, 2016

Twitter is Believing? Understanding Microblog Credibility Perceptions

Meredith Ringel Morris, Asta Roseway, Aaron Hoff, Julia Schwarz, Microsoft Research, Carnegie Mellon University, February 2012

The Spread of True and False News Online

Soroush Vosoughi, Deb Roy, and Sinan Aral, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), March 2018

Sir Model for Fake News Spreading Through Whatsapp

Khurana, Pooja and Kumar, Deepak, (April 20, 2018). Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Internet of Things and Connected Technologies 2018, held at Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur on March 26-27, 2018.

The structural virality of online diffusion

Goel, S., Anderson, A., Hofman, J., & Watts, D. J., Stanford University/Microsoft Research (2015)

Why Students Share Misinformation on Social Media: Motivation, Gender, and Study-level Differences

Xinran Chen, Sei-Ching Joanna Sin, Yin-Leng Theng, Chei Sian Lee, Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University, July 2015